Prepared by: Beat Sexism Norway & Beat Sexism India
In appreciation for this month, we have decided to make a list of some of the women that had an impact on today’s society.
Susan B. Anthony
According to Britannica.com, Susan B. Anthony, (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American activist. A pioneer crusader (fighter) for the Women`s Suffrage movement in the United States, and president of the National Woman Suffrage Association. Susan B. Anthony managed to make progress for the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, giving women the right to vote.
In the year 1849, Elizabeth Blackwell (1921 – 1910), was the first woman to receive an M. D. degree from an American medical school.
In the year 1857; Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, together with her colleagues founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children.
Dr. Blackwell supported medical education for women and helped many other women with their careers. By establishing the New York Infirmary, she offered a solution to one of the problems facing women who were rejected internships but insisted on expanding their skills as physicians.
Marie Curie, (1867 – 1934), famous in the history of chemistry and physics, is most known for discovering the elements of polonium and radium. Prohibited from higher education in her homeland, then controlled by Russia, she moved to Paris in 181 and studied at Sorbonne.
Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person, and woman to win a Nobel Prize twice, and the only person in the world to win a Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was also the first person to become a professor at the University of Paris.
Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (1910 – 1997), commonly known as Mother Teresa, is an Albanian – Indian saint born in Skopje, then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. She was honored in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta.
Mother Teresa grew famous for humbly ministering to lepers, the homeless and the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta (also known as Kolkata), India.
In 1995, Saint Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation that had over 4, 500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis.
Teresa received a number of honors, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. The anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.
Mae Carom Jemison
Mae C. Jemison (1956) is an American engineer, physician, and former NASA astronaut. She became the first black woman to travel into space when she served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
Shirin Ebadi (1947) is an Iranian political activist, lawyer, writer, and teacher who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003 for her efforts to promote democracy and human rights, especially those of women and children in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman and the first Iranian to receive the award.
Unfortunately, in 2009, Norway’s foreign minister Jonas Gahr Støre published a statement reporting that Ebadi`s prize was confiscated by Iranian authorities. He also reported that this was the first time a Nobel Peace Prize had been confiscated by national authorities. Iran denied the charges.
Malala Yousafzai, also known as Malala, was born in 1997. She is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest Nobel Prize laureate. She is known for human rights advocacy, especially the education of women and children in her native Swat Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where the local Taliban had banned girls from attending school.
On October 9. 2012, while on a bus, after taking an exam. Malala and two other girls were shot by a Taliban gunman in an attempt to assassinate the three girls. Malala was shot in the head and remained unconscious and in a critical condition. After her conditioned improved she was transferred to Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham.
Yousafzai co-founded the Malala Fund, a non-profit organization. In 2013, she co-authored I Am Malala, an international bestseller. In 2014, she was the co-recipient of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize, along with Kailash Satyrathi of India. Aged 17 at the time, she was the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.